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武汉新闻专题:男女收出辨别仍在扩充,完成二性职场对等须要217年

最远一系列性骚扰控诉的锋铓都曲指位高权重的男士。要是说控诉有什么含意,应该等于女性在窃取职场对等答谢方面征途漫漫。本周四,全国经济论坛(WEF)猜想了一个问题打点的留意时限。各位女士,您们还患上肉搏217年。

WEF新远颁布的《2017年举世性别辨别陈诉》推敲到了多方面要素,将女性的经济口头参与度以及机逢、受教育程度、安康以及保留情形、政治赋权与男性比拟。陈诉发现,在陈诉颁布以来笼罩的106个国家中,要是要在以上四方面都完成男女对等须要整整一百年,比去年该陈诉的预估功夫长了十七年。

要是只推敲经济层面,女性要逢上男性还须要更久,患上花217年。那是因为,推敲憩息力参与率、薪资辨别以及在业余局限的带领职位中心,女性在经济方面的性别辨别岂但没有放大,反而还在扩充。毕竟上,在2013年达到史上高峰以后再无放开,一向在退化,今年已经退回2008年的水平。

WEF以为,虽然没有国家能齐全勾销了经济方面的性别辨别,但有13个国家已根底完成男女对等,将辨别放大了80%阁下。以经济的主旨权衡,非洲小国布隆迪的默示最好,性别辨别裁减了91%。巴巴多斯、巴哈马、贝宁枚举第两到第四位,其男女庶民在经济方面的辨别分袂放大了88%、87%以及86%。美国排名第19位,辨别支窄了78%。

从均值看,2017年榜单中各国在经济方面的男女辨别放大了58%,曩昔的2015年以及2016年辨别均为59%。

敷衍女性在经济方面的倒霉职位中心为何进一步恶化,WEF的陈诉供给了一些线索。虽然举世男性以及女性的憩息力参与率都在升高,但女性的降幅分外大。同时,虽然二性的收出都有缩小,但男性涨患上更多。陈诉指出:“那象征着,经济凋敝并无对等地惠及男性以及女性。”而且,女性在民众一切以及企业界的高层仍没有短缺的职位中心:今年女性高层办理者人数只占22%。

 

If the recent string of shitual harassment allegations against high-powered men is any indication, women have a long way to go before achieving equal treatment in the workplace. On Thursday, the World Economic Forum pegged a specific time frame to solving the problem, and ladies, it’s going to be a slog: 217 years.

The new WEF report on the global gender gap takes into account women’s economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment as compared to men’s. It found that it’ll take exactly 100 years to close the gap across all four factors in the 106 nations included in the report since its inception—17 years longer than last year’s estimate.

But taking into account only women’s economic deficiency, it’ll take even longer—217 years. That’s because rather than shrinking, the economic gender gap—which considers women’s labor force participation, wage equality, and professional leadership—continues to widen. In fact, progress on this front reverted back to its 2008 level this year, after peaking in 2013.

Not a single country has fully closed its economic gender gap, though 13 have come close, narrowing it 80% or more, according to WEF. The small African nation of Burundi is the top performer by this measure, having closed 91% of its economic gender gap. Barbados, the Bahamas, and Benin are second (88%), third (87%), and fourth (86%) respectively. By comparison, the U.S. is ranked 19th, having narrowed its gap 78%.

On average, nations had closed 58% of their economic gender gaps in 2017, down from 59% in both 2016 and 2015.

The report offers a few clues as to why the women’s economic disadvantage is getting worse. While global labor force participation is declining for both men and women, the dip has been especially steep for women. At the same time, earned income is on the rise for both shites, but it’s been especially sharp for men, “suggesting that the growth in prosperity is not equitably distributed along gender lines,” the report says. Plus, women remain underrepresented in senior positions in the public sector and in business: This year, women accounted for just 22% of senior managerial positions.

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深度报道_举世男女收出辨别扩充 男性收出高依旧女性收出高?

据《华尔街日报》报道,美国2015年第三季度男女收出辨别接续扩充。美国逸工部于10月20日颁布的最新数据涌现,在

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Courtesy of WEF

为了进一步催促男女对等,陈诉筹谋出煽动*民*意*的美丽蓝图:而且会孕育发生平常的经济效益。要是能在2025年晚年勾销了经济口头参与度方面的男女辨别,举世GDP或者缩小约5.3万亿美圆。只需在经济方面完成男女对等,单单美国的GDP便或者缩小1.75万亿美圆。陈诉以为,那些数字象征着,“假定民众一切缩小投入勾销了举世性别辨别,该名目很或者完成独立更生。” (财产中文网)

译者:Pessy

审校:夏林

 

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